Family tragedy

Responding to youth crime

June 6, 2007 | by Peter Jon Mitchell , Senior Researcher, Institute of Marriage and Family Canada
PDF:  Family tragedy


  1. Goldstein, L. (2007, May 30) Youth crime law is a farce. The Winnipeg Sun. 8.
  2. Matthews, G. (2006, June 23) Take off the kid gloves, Vic. The Ottawa Sun. 13.
  3. Kirwin, S. (2006, August 17) 430 times later, youths in trouble. The London Free Press. A.1.
  4. Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002) retrieved May 31, 2007 from
  5. Sprott, J.B. and Doob, A.N. (1998) Who are the most violent ten and eleven year olds? An introduction to future delinquency. Ottawa: Applied Research Branch Strategic Policy Human Resources Development Canada. 7. Retrieved June 1, 2007 from
  6. Ralph, A. and Sanders, M.R. (2004, August) The ‘teen triple P’ positive parenting program: A preliminary evaluation. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. 1.
  7. Harper, C. and McLanahan, S. (2004) Father absence and youth incarceration. San Francisco: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing.
  8. Laurence Steinberg as quoted by Doob, A.N. and Cesaroni, C. (2004) Responding to youth crime in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 264.Ibid.
  9. Olds et al as reported by Doob and Cesaroni, 262-63.
  10. Doob and Cesaroni, 190-92.
  11. Ibid, 192-98.
  12. Ibid, 22-23, 224-227.
  13. Colson, C.W. (1979) Life Sentence. Lincoln: Chosen Books Publishing. 217. Considering the failure of the prison system to reform criminals, Colson offers a brief historical reflection on cultural change initiated by churchmen and revivalists.
  14. Rivers, E. (2005, December 2) The sins of the fathers are visited on black youth. The Globe and Mail. A23.
  15. Ibid.